E-ISSN 2455-3166
 

Review Article 


Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review

Raghavendra Naik*, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar.

Abstract
Background: Ayurveda describes diet as the best preventive medicine and mentioned its role for the prevention and management of many diseases. Classical texts of Ayurveda delineated different vegetables under Shakavarga, with their properties and indications in different disease conditions. These vegetables are advocated as Pathya Ahara (wholesome diet) in clinical practice for treating different lifestyle diseases due to faulty food habits. Aims: To critically evaluate the role of vegetables indicated as Pathya for gastrointestinal tract diseases. Material and methods: Four Samhita and eleven different Nighantu were reviewed. The obtained data have been analyzed and being presented in a precise manner with regards to their various reported activity on gastrointestinal diseases. Results: Analysis of the compiled data reveals that out of 324 plants, described under Shakavarga, 58 vegetables are indicated in the diseases related to gastrointestinal tract like Ajirna (Dyspepsia), Arshas (Hemorrhoids), Grahani (Malabsorption syndrome) etc. Among them, botanical identity of 57 classical plants has been established and maximum number of vegetables belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae & Solanaceae. Different parts of the plants like leaves, fruits, rhizome/tuber, stem, owers are recommended as vegetables in gastrointestinal diseases. Some of these vegetables are also reported for their effect in the management of peptic ulcer, chronic inammatory bowel disease etc. Conclusion: The observed results may be helpful in planning further scientic studies about the efcacy of these plants on prevention as well as management of gastrointestinal diseases.

Key words: Ayurveda, Gastro-Intestinal Tract Diseases, Pathya, Shakavarga, Vegetables


 
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Pubmed Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(4): 103-112.


Web Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. http://www.tmjournal.org/?mno=278119 [Access: July 19, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(4): 103-112.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. J. res. tradit. med. (2016), [cited July 19, 2019]; 2(4): 103-112.



Harvard Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar (2016) Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. J. res. tradit. med, 2 (4), 103-112.



Turabian Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. 2016. Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 2 (4), 103-112.



Chicago Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. "Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 2 (2016), 103-112.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar. "Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 2.4 (2016), 103-112. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Raghavendra Naik, Mital Buha, Rabinarayan Acharya, Sneha D Borkar (2016) Role of Vegetables (Shaka Dravyas) in Prevention and Management of Gastro - Intestinal Tract Diseases: A Critical Review. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 2 (4), 103-112.





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