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Review Article Open Access


A Historical Review on Urticaria

Rifaqat*, Faireen Baqi, Zamir Ahmad, Abdul Mannan.

Abstract
Background: Urticaria is a response of the body to extrinsic or intrinsic stimuli and is among the 20 most
common skin diseases with tremendous impact on patient's quality of life. It is often disregarded as a trivial
disease by many physicians. Urticaria is a highly prevalent condition resulting in large numbers of medical
consultations worldwide. The exact gures are lacking from many countries but it is not an uncommon
condition. Aim: This review was planned to analyse the historical understanding of Urticaria in medical
literature pertaining to Unani & Modern medical sciences. Materials & Methods: The Classical Unani
literature and manuscripts kept in various Libraries in Arabic, Persian and Urdu languages were reviewed
and translated into English. The review of modern literature is done by going through the online survey of
Google scholar and Science direct. Results: A thorough analysis from the above literary sources reveals
that the diseases was prevalent since time immemorial. However the earliest the documented evidence of
the disease is found in an old Chinese manuscript written between 1000-200 years BC. Hippocrates was the
rst Greek physician who described Urticaria. Many renowned Unani physicians such as Avicenna (980-
1037) and Rhazes (865-925) described the causes, pathology, features and management of Urticaria as
Sharaa with many effective formulations in their manuscripts. Conclusion: From this review it is
concluded that physicians in ancient time were also aware about this disease and they tried to reveal the
facts about this disease. Further, modern physicians carried their work in more explained way.

Key words: Historical descriptions, Sharaa, Unani System of Medicine, Urticaria


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Baqi F, Ahmad Z, Mannan A. A Historical Review on Urticaria. J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(6): 173-177.


Web Style

, Baqi F, Ahmad Z, Mannan A. A Historical Review on Urticaria. http://www.tmjournal.org/?mno=278199 [Access: January 20, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Baqi F, Ahmad Z, Mannan A. A Historical Review on Urticaria. J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(6): 173-177.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Baqi F, Ahmad Z, Mannan A. A Historical Review on Urticaria. J. res. tradit. med. (2016), [cited January 20, 2018]; 2(6): 173-177.



Harvard Style

, Baqi, F., Ahmad, Z. & Mannan, A. (2016) A Historical Review on Urticaria. J. res. tradit. med, 2 (6), 173-177.



Turabian Style

, Faireen Baqi, Zamir Ahmad, and Abdul Mannan. 2016. A Historical Review on Urticaria. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 2 (6), 173-177.



Chicago Style

, Faireen Baqi, Zamir Ahmad, and Abdul Mannan. "A Historical Review on Urticaria." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 2 (2016), 173-177.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Faireen Baqi, Zamir Ahmad, and Abdul Mannan. "A Historical Review on Urticaria." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 2.6 (2016), 173-177. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, Baqi, F., Ahmad, Z. & Mannan, A. (2016) A Historical Review on Urticaria. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 2 (6), 173-177.





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