E-ISSN 2455-3166
 

Review Article 


Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine

Mohd. Zaigham, Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, Gazi Jahangeer Rather.

Abstract
Background: Herbal medicine is the source of primary health care due to its cultural acceptability and better compatibility with the human body and lesser side effects. Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn) is an important medicinal plant in the Unani system of medicine (USM) due to its multiple therapeutic properties.

Objectives: Present review is aimed at exploring the existing data of the drug on its conventional uses especially in USM, its phytochemical constituents and pharmacological actions.

Materials and Methods: Various authentic data base including classical text, indexed journals have been reviewed and analysis.

Observations and results: The plant is known to treat different systemic ailments due to the presence of volatile oil, glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, phenolic compounds, triterpines, sterols, resins, tannins and anthocyanins. In USM, the pharmacological actions of Banafsha are Sual Yabis (Dry cough), Mushil-i-Balgham (Purgative of Phlegm) Mulattif (Demulcent), Muhallil-i-Waram (Resolvent), Mushil wa Muaddil Safra (Purgative of yellow bile), Musakkin-i-Atash (Thirst Quenching), Mulayyan (Laxative) etc. Banafsha is reported for its anti-asthmatic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, hepato-protective, and hypnotic activity etc.

Conclusion: Present study explores the pharmacological, phytochemical and therapeutic properties of Viola odorata Linn. Many pharmacological activity mentioned in Unani medicine is validated and many activity needs further exploration owing to immense therapeutic scope in this drug.

Key words: Banafsha, Unani system of medicine, Viola odorata Linn


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med. 2019; 5(3-4): 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002


Web Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. http://www.tmjournal.org/?mno=65002 [Access: July 07, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med. 2019; 5(3-4): 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med. (2019), [cited July 07, 2020]; 5(3-4): 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Harvard Style

Zaigham, M., Hamiduddin, ., Naquibuddin, . M. & Rather, . G. J. (2019) Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med, 5 (3-4), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Turabian Style

Zaigham, Mohd., Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, and Gazi Jahangeer Rather. 2019. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 5 (3-4), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Chicago Style

Zaigham, Mohd., Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, and Gazi Jahangeer Rather. "Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 5 (2019), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zaigham, Mohd., Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, and Gazi Jahangeer Rather. "Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 5.3-4 (2019), 58-64. Print. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zaigham, M., Hamiduddin, ., Naquibuddin, . M. & Rather, . G. J. (2019) Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 5 (3-4), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002





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