E-ISSN 2455-3166
 

Review Article 


Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine

Mohd. Zaigham, Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, Gazi Jahangeer Rather.

Abstract
Background: Herbal medicine is the source of primary health care due to its cultural acceptability and better compatibility with the human body and lesser side effects. Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn) is an important medicinal plant in the Unani system of medicine (USM) due to its multiple therapeutic properties.

Objectives: Present review is aimed at exploring the existing data of the drug on its conventional uses especially in USM, its phytochemical constituents and pharmacological actions.

Materials and Methods: Various authentic data base including classical text, indexed journals have been reviewed and analysis.

Observations and results: The plant is known to treat different systemic ailments due to the presence of volatile oil, glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, phenolic compounds, triterpines, sterols, resins, tannins and anthocyanins. In USM, the pharmacological actions of Banafsha are Sual Yabis (Dry cough), Mushil-i-Balgham (Purgative of Phlegm) Mulattif (Demulcent), Muhallil-i-Waram (Resolvent), Mushil wa Muaddil Safra (Purgative of yellow bile), Musakkin-i-Atash (Thirst Quenching), Mulayyan (Laxative) etc. Banafsha is reported for its anti-asthmatic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, hepato-protective, and hypnotic activity etc.

Conclusion: Present study explores the pharmacological, phytochemical and therapeutic properties of Viola odorata Linn. Many pharmacological activity mentioned in Unani medicine is validated and many activity needs further exploration owing to immense therapeutic scope in this drug.

Key words: Banafsha, Unani system of medicine, Viola odorata Linn


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mohd. Zaigham
Articles by Hamiduddin
Articles by MD Naquibuddin
Articles by Gazi Jahangeer Rather
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 619
Downloaded: 18


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med. 2019; 5(3-4): 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002


Web Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. http://www.tmjournal.org/?mno=65002 [Access: February 12, 2020]. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med. 2019; 5(3-4): 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zaigham M, Hamiduddin , Naquibuddin M, Rather GJ. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med. (2019), [cited February 12, 2020]; 5(3-4): 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Harvard Style

Zaigham, M., Hamiduddin, ., Naquibuddin, . M. & Rather, . G. J. (2019) Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. J. res. tradit. med, 5 (3-4), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Turabian Style

Zaigham, Mohd., Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, and Gazi Jahangeer Rather. 2019. Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 5 (3-4), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



Chicago Style

Zaigham, Mohd., Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, and Gazi Jahangeer Rather. "Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 5 (2019), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zaigham, Mohd., Hamiduddin, MD Naquibuddin, and Gazi Jahangeer Rather. "Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine." JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE 5.3-4 (2019), 58-64. Print. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zaigham, M., Hamiduddin, ., Naquibuddin, . M. & Rather, . G. J. (2019) Phyto-chemical profile and pharmacological activities of Banafsha (Viola odorata Linn): An important herb of Unani Medicine. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE, 5 (3-4), 58-64. doi:10.5455/jrtm.2019/65002





Most Viewed Articles
  • Efficacy of Erand Sneha (Castor Oil) in the management of Amavata (Rheumatoid arthritis) with respect to its Sama Stage
    Gauridutt Mishra *, Darshana H Pandya
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 28-35
    » Abstract

  • URAMARUNNU - A TRADITIONAL AYURVEDIC PAEDIATRIC PRACTICE
    INDU SABU, KRISHNA RAO SATHYA
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(3): 91-97
    » Abstract

  • Shashti Upakrama (Sixty Procedures) in the management of Vrana (Wound) - A Review
    Rajneesh V Giri
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(4): 109-116
    » Abstract

  • Concept of Chakshushya in the Materia Medica of Ayurveda
    Tarkeshwar Sukhadev Wankhade* , Pravin Raghunathrao Joshi, Suraj Laxmansingh Thakur, Mante G B
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 55-63
    » Abstract

  • Pharmaceutico - Analytical Study of Shrugatakadi Taila using the concept of Taila Murchhana (Oil Processing)
    Juhi Ubale* , Anita Wanjari, Bharath Rathi, Dhirajsingh Rajput
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 36-42
    » Abstract

  • Histological validation of Pleeha (Spleen) as one of the Mulasthana (Origin) of Rakta Vaha Srotas (Circulatory System)
    Gaurav Soni*, Neelam
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(1): 18-22
    » Abstract

  • Pharmaceutical Standardisation of Kukkutanda Tvak Bhasma (Incinerated Egg Shell)
    Ghanshyam Mahulkar * , Bharat Rathi
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 43-50
    » Abstract

  • Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants and perception of managing disease among the Yanadi Tribe of Veyi Lingala Kona
    Chandrika Thalari*, Palapandala Thiripalu
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(1): 12-17
    » Abstract

  • The ‘four’ stratagem of Traditional Indian Medicine – Ayurveda
    Jyothy Kothanath Bhaskaran
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(4): 98-100
    » Abstract

  • Review on Various types of Makaradhwaja (Gold containing mercurial preparation)
    Mangala Jadhav *, Swati S Chirane, Anjali Menon
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 51-54
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • URAMARUNNU - A TRADITIONAL AYURVEDIC PAEDIATRIC PRACTICE
    INDU SABU, KRISHNA RAO SATHYA
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(3): 91-97
    » Abstract

  • A Review on Smriti (Memory) and its Affiliates in Ayurveda
    Pallavi Ashok Ghadage, Niranjan Yethdaka, Narendra Trivedi
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(5): 143-150
    » Abstract

  • Prevention & Management of Autism – An Ayurvedic Perspective
    Brahm Dutt Sharma*, Khushal Chouhan
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(4): 117-121
    » Abstract

  • Application of Tantrayukti (Means of Interpreting Science) in Research Methodology
    Anil D. Avhad*, Manjiri Walinjkar, Hitesh A. Vyas, R.R. Dwivedi
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(3): 81-86
    » Abstract

  • Early Clinical Diagnosis of Fever (Jwara) in Children – A Case Study
    Jyothy Kothanath Bhaskaran*, Srihari Sheshagiri
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(6): 170-172
    » Abstract

  • Anti-obesity and Anti-hyperlipidemic activity of Processed Honey - A Randomised, Open labeled, Controlled Clinical Study [English]
    Satish Pai, Chetana Bhadrapura Shivappa, Aparna Surendra
    J. res. tradit. med. 2018; 4(2): 40-48
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/JRTM.2018/816

  • Phytoestrogens Medicinal Herbs - Safe and Effective Alternative to Hormone Replacement Therapy in Menopausal Syndrome
    Priyanka Kulkarni*, Pramod Khobragade
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(5): 147-150
    » Abstract

  • Concept of Chakshushya in the Materia Medica of Ayurveda
    Tarkeshwar Sukhadev Wankhade* , Pravin Raghunathrao Joshi, Suraj Laxmansingh Thakur, Mante G B
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 55-63
    » Abstract

  • Shashti Upakrama (Sixty Procedures) in the management of Vrana (Wound) - A Review
    Rajneesh V Giri
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(4): 109-116
    » Abstract

  • Current trends in the usage of Ksharakarma (Alkaline therapy) and Ksharasutra (Alkaline Seton) for managing Bhagandhara (Fistula -In –Ano) [English]
    Alok Kumar
    J. res. tradit. med. 2018; 4(2): 70-74
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/JRTM.2018/301581

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Multiple Stage Surgical Approach along with Ksharasutra Therapy in the Management of High Anal Fistula (Bhagandara) [English]
    Alok Kumar*, P. Hemantha Kumar, Narinder Singh
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(2): 51-53
    » Abstract
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Fourier Transforms Infrared Spectroscopy Study on Shadguna Makaradhwaja - An Ayurvedic Mercurial Drug Compound
    Vaibhav Charde*, Kishor Patel, Rohit Gokarn, Dhirajsingh Rajput, Biswajyoti Patgiri, Pradeep Kumar Prajapati
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(4): 94-98
    » Abstract
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Literature Review of Suram(Fever) in Siddha Medicine
    Thayalini Thileepan
    J. res. tradit. med. 2018; 4(1): 21-25
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/JRTM.2018/298118
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Clinical Evaluation of Dashmularishta (Ayurvedic formulation) in Restoring Normal Health of Postpartum Females
    Manjari Dwivedi, J.L.N Sastry*, Rajiv K Rai, Sasibhushan Vedula
    J. res. tradit. med. 2016; 2(3): 56-61
    » Abstract
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Pharmaceutico - Analytical Study of Shrugatakadi Taila using the concept of Taila Murchhana (Oil Processing)
    Juhi Ubale* , Anita Wanjari, Bharath Rathi, Dhirajsingh Rajput
    J. res. tradit. med. 2017; 3(2): 36-42
    » Abstract
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Role of Samyoga and Samskara on Antihyperlipidaemic / Anti-obesity activity of Honey – An Experimental Study
    Satish Pai*, Ravi Nargis, Manula S N
    J. res. tradit. med. 2015; 1(1): 16-22
    » Abstract
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]